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Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China (Geological Society Special Publication No. 226) 2004 book

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China (Geological Society Special Publication No. 226)

Details Of The Book

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China (Geological Society Special Publication No. 226)

Category: Geology
edition: illustrated edition 
Authors: , , ,   
serie:  
ISBN : 9781429413237, 1862391564 
publisher:  
publish year: 2004 
pages: 375 
language: English 
ebook format : PDF (It will be converted to PDF, EPUB OR AZW3 if requested by the user) 
file size: 53 MB 

price : $15.48 18 With 14% OFF



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Table Of Contents

Contents......Page 6
Preface......Page 8
Determining Precambrian crustal Evolution in China: a case-study from Wutaishan, Shanxi Province, demonstrating the application of precise SHRIMP U-Pb Geochronology......Page 12
Fig. 1. (a) Map showing the three-fold subdivision of the North .........Page 13
Fig. 3. Traditional subdivision of the Wutai 'Group' of Shanxi province, based .........Page 14
Fig. 4. (a) Concordia diagram of sample 96-PC-114 from the .........Page 20
Fig. 5. (a) Concordia diagram of sample WT 12 from the Hongmenyan 'Formation'; .........Page 23
Fig. 6. Schematic diagram showing the relationship of the major lithological components .........Page 29
Table 1. SHRIMP U–Pb–Th zircon data for Wutai Volcanic samples 96-PC-114 .........Page 16
Table 2. SHRIMP U–Pb–Th zircon data for Wutai Volcanic samples WT 9, WT 12 and WT 13......Page 21
Table 3. SHRIMP U–Pb–Th zircon data for Wutai Volcanic samples WT 17 and .........Page 24
Table 4. Sample numbers, locations, [sup(207)]Pb/[sup(206)]Pb zircon ages and average .........Page 26
Late Archaean to Palaeoproterozoic evolution of the Trans-North China Orogen: Insights from synthesis of existing data of the Hengshan-Wutai-Fuping belt......Page 34
Fig. 1. Three-fold tectonic subdivision of the North China Craton by Zhao et al (1998, 200la).......Page 35
Fig. 2. Spatial distribution of the Trans-North China Orogen in the .........Page 37
Fig. 3. Geological map of the Hengshan-Wutai-Fuping mountain belt.......Page 38
Fig. 4. Structural outline of the Wutai Complex (after Tian 1991). 1, .........Page 42
Fig. 6. Schematic cross-section of the Wutai Complex, showing the superposition of F[sub(2)] and F[sub(3)].......Page 43
Fig. 7. Backscattered electron images showing representative metamorphic textures and cathodoluminescence (CL) .........Page 45
Fig. 8. Metamorphic P—T paths of the Hengshan, Wutai and Fuping .........Page 46
Fig. 9. Spatial distribution of mafic dykes in the Hengshan-Wutai-Fuping .........Page 54
Fig. 11. The Hf-Rb/10-Ta x 3 discrimination diagram (after .........Page 55
Fig. 12. A series of schematic sections showing the geological evolution of .........Page 56
Table 1. Deformation phases and their structural elements in the Hengshan, Wutai .........Page 41
Table 2. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon data for the main lithologies of the Fuping Complex......Page 48
Table 3. U-Pb zircon data for the main lithologies of the Hengshan Complex......Page 49
Table 4. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages of the Wutai Complex......Page 50
Table 5. Geological events in the Hengshan-Wutai-Fuping mountain belt......Page 51
Precambrian tectonic evolution of the North China Craton......Page 64
Fig. 1. Sketch geological map of the Early Precambrian NCC (a, after .........Page 66
Fig. 3. Sketch map of Archaean rocks in Anshan area (a) and .........Page 68
Fig. 4. Neoarchaean micro-blocks of North China Craton (a) and magnetic .........Page 69
Fig. 5. Neoarchaean amalgamation of North China Craton by arc–continent collision .........Page 71
Fig. 6. Late Palaeoproterozoic–Mesoproterozoic rifts (a) and sketch section illustrating rift .........Page 73
Fig. 7. Tectonostratigraphic correlations between the North China and Yangtze Cratons (after Hao 2003).......Page 75
Table 1. Correlation table of Early Precambrian rocks in the NCC (after Zhai & Windley 1990)......Page 65
The central Asian Orogenic Belt and growth of the continental crust in the Phanerozoic......Page 80
Fig. 1. Simplified tectonic divisions of Asia. The Central Asian Orogenic Belt .........Page 81
Fig. 2. Areal distribution of granitoids in the CAOB. The national boundaries .........Page 82
Fig. 3. Initial [sup(87)]Sr/[sup(86)]Sr v. [sup(87)]Rb/[sup(86)]Sr plot, only for .........Page 85
Fig. 4. Isotope diagrams for granitoids from European Hercynides and Caledonides, Australian .........Page 87
Fig. 5. Isotope diagrams for granitoids from SE China (a, b & c) and South .........Page 89
Fig. 6. Isotope diagrams for granitoids from NE China–Inner Mongolia–Hida .........Page 90
Fig. 7. Isotope diagrams for granitoids from the Altai Mountians (Chinese and .........Page 92
Fig. 8. Isotope diagrams for granitoids from east-central Kazakhstan, (a) ε[sub(Nd)](T) .........Page 93
Fig. 9. Isotope diagrams for granitoids from Mongolia and Transbaikalia, (a) ε[sub(Nd)] (7) .........Page 95
Fig. 10. Schematic diagrams showing the growth of continental crust by lateral .........Page 97
Fig. 11. Chemical evolution of basic and granitic rocks from the Mongolian– .........Page 98
Fig. 12. Isotope diagrams for A-type granitoids from Central Asia, (a) ε[sub(Nd)] .........Page 99
Fig. 13. Estimate of proportions of the mantle or juvenile component in .........Page 101
Table 1. Comparison of crustal evolution between the CAOB and Cathaysia of SE China......Page 88
Tectonic evolution of Palaeozoic terranes in West Junggar, Xinjiang, NW China......Page 108
Fig. 1. Location and tectonic setting of West Junggar within the Central .........Page 109
Fig. 2. Regional geology of West Junggar. A terrane map compiled from .........Page 110
Fig. 3. Images of the various terranes, terrane boundaries and intrusives of .........Page 111
Fig. 4. Tectonic discrimination diagrams for basaltic to andesitic rocks from Tangbale. .........Page 115
Fig. 5. Tectonic discrimination diagrams for clinopyroxenes from volcanic and sedimentary rocks .........Page 116
Fig. 6. N-MORB normalized plot (Sun & McDonough 1989) of REE and .........Page 117
Fig. 7. Interpretation of the tectonic evolution of Early Palaeozoic terranes in West .........Page 119
Fig. 8. Interpretation of the tectonic evolution of Late Palaeozoic terranes in .........Page 125
Fig. 9. Time–space diagram illustrating the tectonic evolution of Palaeozoic terranes of .........Page 131
Table 1. Whole-rock and trace-element analyses for intrusive phases from the Tangbale .........Page 112
Table 2. Whole-rock and trace-element analyses for volcanic rocks from Tangbale......Page 114
Table 3. Trace- and rare-earth elements for volcanic rocks from the Tangbale district......Page 118
Table 4. Clinopyroxene compositions (wt%) from volcanic and sedimentary rocks at Tangbale......Page 120
Nb-deleted, continental rift-related Akaz metavolcanic rocks (West Kunlun): implication for the rifting of the Tarim Craton from Gondwana......Page 138
Fig. 1. Main tectonic blocks of the Tibet Plateau and adjacent regions. .........Page 139
Fig. 2. Geological map of the Akaz pass area, western Kunlun Mountains (modified from XGIT-II 1985).......Page 140
Fig. 3. Stratigraphic column of the North Kunlun Block, West Kunlun Mountains .........Page 141
Fig. 5. Primitive-mantle-normalized spider diagram for the Akaz metavolcanic rocks .........Page 145
Fig. 7. Immobile-element-based tectonic discrimination diagrams for the Akaz metavolcanic rocks: (a) .........Page 146
Fig. 8. Discrimination diagram of Gd/Yb v. Gd for the Akaz metavolcanic .........Page 147
Table 1. Representative chemical analyses of Akaz metavolcanics, West Kunlun......Page 143
Basement heterogeneity in the Cathaysia crustal block, southeast China......Page 152
Fig. 1. Regional geological setting of southeast China (isotope zones after Huang .........Page 153
Fig. 2. Simplified geological map of Guangdong Province (based on Bureau of .........Page 154
Fig. 3. Isotope signatures of Mesozoic granites from Guangdong Province and Hong .........Page 156
Fig. 4. Gravity map of the region around Guangzhou and Hong Kong .........Page 157
Fig. 5. Extended Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the transect from Guangzhou .........Page 158
Fig. 6. Gravity model along the profile A–B in Figure 5. Gravity values .........Page 159
Fig. 7. Zircon inheritance ages (based on data from Davis et al 1997).......Page 160
Subduction, collision and exhumation in the ultrahigh-pressure Qinling–Dabie orogen......Page 164
Fig. 1. The Qilian–Qinling–Tongbai–Hong'an–Dabie–Sulu–Imjingang collisional orogen .........Page 165
Fig. 2. Correlation of Palaeozoic rock units through Qinling–Dabie, zones of .........Page 172
Fig. 3. Geological units, tectono-thermal/sedimentary events, facies interpretation, radiometric ages .........Page 173
Fig. 4. Major units and unit boundaries of the Qinling–Dabie orogen (see Fig. 2 and its' caption).......Page 174
Fig. 5. Carboniferous–Triassic tectonic evolution of eastern Asia. (1) Formation of a .........Page 177
Fig. 6. Metamorphic pressures and temperatures for eclogites and peridotites of the .........Page 178
Fig. 7. Structural overview of the Dabie–Hong'an area (after Schmid et .........Page 180
Fig. 8. Exhumation model, (a) Subduction of wedge-shaped continental promontory; arrow .........Page 182
UHP rocks and the Dabieshan Orogenic Belt......Page 190
Fig. 1. The Dabieshan–Sulu Orogenic Belt in China. Shaded area in the .........Page 191
Fig. 2. (A) Coesite and jadeite inclusions in a zircon grain with a .........Page 192
Fig. 3. Back-scatter images showing (A) Tiny vein of Ky + Ab + Qtz in .........Page 193
Fig. 4. Photograph showing migmatite as an inclusion in the Cretaceous Baimajian .........Page 194
Fig. 5. P-wave velocities in a deep seismic profile (after Wang, .........Page 195
Fig. 7. Microphotograph of shape-fabric showing deformation at eclogite facies (width of view = 1.2mm).......Page 196
Fig. 8. Sedimentary sequence from the Jurassic Hefei Basin (Wang, D. et al. 2001) .........Page 197
Fig. 9. Dynamic architecture of the Dabieshan Orogenic Belt.......Page 199
Fig. 10. (a) Profile of the Dabieshan Orogenic Belt (the position is shown .........Page 200
Jurassic intraplate magmatism in southern Hunan–eastern Guangxi: [sup(40)]Ar/[sup(39)]Ar dating, geochemistry, Sr–Nd isotopes and implications for tectonic evolution of SE China......Page 206
Fig. 1. Distribution of Mesozoic igneous rocks in southeastern China (modified after Wang et al. 1985)......Page 207
Fig. 2. Distribution of the studied Mesozoic basaltic rocks in southern Hunan .........Page 209
Fig. 3. The [sup(40)]Ar/[sup(39)]Ar age spectra diagrams for basalts in southern Hunan .........Page 211
Fig. 4. Chemical variation diagrams for the basalts in southern Hunan and .........Page 218
Fig. 5. (a) SiO[sub(2)] v. Na[sub(2)]O + K[sub(2)]O diagram of Cox et al .........Page 219
Fig. 6. Chondrite-normalized REE diagrams for (a) basalts in southern Hunan .........Page 220
Fig. 7. Primitive-mantle-normalized incompatible element spidergrams for (a) basalts in .........Page 221
Fig. 8. Initial ε[sub(Nd)](T) v. I[sub(Sr)] diagram for basalts in southern Hunan .........Page 223
Fig. 9. Plots of (a) initial ε[sub(Nd)](T) and (b) I[sub(Sr)] v. SiO[sub (2)] .........Page 224
Fig. 10. A Nb–La v. ε[sub(Nd)](T) v. I[sub(Sr)] diagram. Note that .........Page 225
Fig. 11. Cartoon illustrating the Early Mesozoic tectonic and magmatic evolution of .........Page 226
Table 1. Summary of [sup(40)]Ar/[sup(39)]Ar results......Page 212
Table 2. Major- and trace-element data for the syenites and basalts......Page 213
Table 3. Rb–Sr and Sm–Nd isotopic data for the syenitic intrusions .........Page 222
Evidence for the multiphase nature of the India–Asia collision from the Yarlung Tsangpo suture zone, Tibet......Page 230
Fig. 1. Tectonic units and boundaries within the Tibet–Qinghai Plateau. AKMS, .........Page 231
Fig. 2. Time–space plot of geological phenomena potentially related to collision(s) .........Page 239
Fig. 3. Northward migration of India towards Eurasia. The outline of the .........Page 240
Conglomerates record the tectonic evolution of the Yarlung–Tsangpo suture zone in southern Tibet......Page 248
Fig. 1. Location map indicating major tectonic units and boundaries within the .........Page 249
Fig. 2. Coarse-grained, intraformational, metaconglomerate units within the Upper Jurassic–Lower .........Page 250
Fig. 3. Palaeogene Liuqu Formation exposed on the true left-hand side of .........Page 251
Fig. 4. Thick beds of coarse conglomeratic units that are part of .........Page 254
Fig. 5. Neogene breccias crop out near the village of Quanggong on .........Page 255
Fig. 6. Plot showing the temporal distribution of conglomeratic units that crop .........Page 256
Ultra-high pressure minerals in the Luobusa Ophiolite, Tibet, and their tectonic implications......Page 260
Fig. 1. Location and geological map of the Luobusa ophiolite, Tibet (after Malpas et al., 2003).......Page 261
Fig. 2. Photographs of podiform chromitites of Luobusa and their UHP minerals. .........Page 263
Fig. 3. Photographs of UHP minerals from the Luobusa chromitites. (A) Fragments .........Page 266
Fig. 4. Energy-dispersive spectra of various minerals from the Luobusa chromitites .........Page 270
Fig. 5. Photos of wüstite, native iron and silicate inclusions. (A) Wüstite .........Page 272
Fig. 6. Photographs and compositional plot of Cr–(Ni–Fe)–C alloys. (A) Ternary .........Page 275
Fig. 7. SEM photographs and energy spectrum of Fe–Ni–C and Os–Ir. (A) .........Page 277
Fig. 8. SEM photos, crystal structure and composition of octahedral Mg–Si silicate .........Page 278
Fig. 9. Interpretative model providing a possible explanation for the presence of .........Page 280
Table 1. X-ray diffraction data for Luobusa diamonds......Page 264
Table 2. Compositions of silicate inclusions in UHP minerals from the Luobasa chromitites......Page 265
Table 3. Chemical compositions of Fe-silicides and native Si of the Luobusa ophiolite......Page 268
Table 4. Compositions of wüstite grains from the Luobusa chromitites......Page 273
Table 6. Chemical composition of native iron from chromitites of the Luobusa ophiolite, Tibet......Page 274
Table 7. Chemical compositions of Cr–Ni(Fe)–C alloys from chromitites of the Luobusa ophiolite, Tibet......Page 276
Cretaceous palaeomagnetism of Indochina and surrounding regions: Cenozoic tectonic implications......Page 286
Fig. 1. Simplified geological map of the study area, with sample site .........Page 288
Fig. 2. Normalized magnetization intensities of representative Late Jurassic–Cretaceous volcanic rocks .........Page 289
Fig. 3. Orthogonal vector component plots of representative samples. Diamond and cross .........Page 290
Fig. 4. Equal-area projection of the site-mean directions with their .........Page 292
Fig. 5. Equal-area projection of the Cretaceous palaeopoles of Indochina, Shan– .........Page 295
Fig. 7. Palaeolatitudes calculated at a reference point (RP, 11.7 °N, 108.2 °E) from .........Page 296
Table 1. Palaeomagnetic results of Late Jurassic–Cretaceous rocks from southern Vietnam.......Page 291
Table 2. Parameters of rotation and latitudinal translation of cretaceous rocks from .........Page 294
Geology of the Zamboanga Peninsula, Mindanao, Philippines: an enigmatic South China continental fragment?......Page 302
Fig. 1. Generalized tectonic map of the Philippines, showing the major tectonic .........Page 304
Fig. 2. Tectonic map of Mindanao, showing the trench systems surrounding the .........Page 305
Fig. 3. (a) Geological map of the northeastern Zamboanga block. The northeast .........Page 312
Fig. 4. Stratigraphy of the northeastern, central and southwestern Zamboanga blocks based .........Page 315
Fig. 5. (a) The four-year field investigations conducted in the Zamboanga Peninsula .........Page 316
Fig. 6. Map showing the location of samples submitted for palaeontological analyses. .........Page 321
Fig. 7. (a) Plot of the X[sub(Cr)] and X[sub(Mg)] of spinels from .........Page 322
Table 1. Representative analyses of the major and trace elements of volcanic .........Page 306
Table 2. Representative analyses of spinel from harzburgites (Hz), chromitite (Chr) and .........Page 307
Table 3. WhGle-rock[sup(40)]K–[sup(40)]Ar dating of samples from the Zamboanga Penisula......Page 308
Table 4. Results of palaeontological analyses of samples from the Zamboanga Peninsula......Page 309
Cenozoic tectonics of the China continental margin: insights from Taiwan......Page 326
Fig. 1. Plate-tectonic setting of the continental margin of China. Marginal basins: CEL .........Page 327
Fig. 2. Cenozoic tectonics and geology of the continental margin of China. .........Page 329
Fig. 3. Schematic cross-sections of the continental margin of China. TSF, Taiwan–Sinzi .........Page 330
Fig. 4. Cenozoic geology of Taiwan and the Taiwan Strait. Summarized from .........Page 332
Fig. 5. Seismic sections of the Taiwan Strait. Note the truncation of .........Page 333
Fig. 6. Geological framework and lithotectonic belts of Taiwan. Locations and major .........Page 335
Fig. 7. Reconstructing the pre-collisional rift basin of Taiwan. The imbricate .........Page 336
Fig. 8. Reconstructing of pre-collisional rift basin of Taiwan. The imbricate .........Page 337
Fig. 9. Reconstructed Cenozoic continental margin of Taiwan. CMR, Central mountain ranges; .........Page 338
Fig. 10. Cenozoic tectonic evolution of China continental margin. PSC, Proto-South China .........Page 340
Precisely relocated hypocentres, focal mechanisms and active orogeny in Central Taiwan......Page 346
Fig. 1. Plate tectonics in the vicinity of Taiwan. The two-letter .........Page 347
Fig. 2. Locations of the Central Weather Bureau (CWB) and Institute of .........Page 348
Fig. 3. Tomographic sections from Rau and Wu (1995). The locations of .........Page 349
Fig. 4. Comparisons of the CWB catalogue and relocated event locations in .........Page 352
Fig. 5. Epicentral map of events in (a) 1 July 1993 to .........Page 353
Fig. 6. Cross-sections of pre-Chi-Chi seismicity in Central Taiwan corresponding to .........Page 354
Fig. 7. Locations of profiles in two areas to show the details .........Page 355
Fig. 8. Focal mechanisms of M > 3.5 earthquakes in the Chi-Chi area. .........Page 356
Fig. 9. Harvard CMT (all but 1999.09.25.08.43, which is a BATS solution) .........Page 357
Table 1. Mw > 5.5 events from USGS/NEIS*......Page 358
Fig. 11. Cross-sections of post-Chi-Chi seismicity from 20 September to 31 December 1999.......Page 359
Fig. 12. Cross-sections of post-Chi-Chi seismicity for 2001 and 2002. .........Page 360
Fig. 13. Cross-sections of post-Chi-Chi seismicity from 20 September to 31 December; .........Page 362
Fig. 14. Circles indicate vertical displacements of the hanging-wall side of the .........Page 364
C......Page 368
G......Page 369
J......Page 370
N......Page 371
S......Page 372
T......Page 373
W......Page 374
Z......Page 375


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