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The Safety Relief Valve Handbook: Design and Use of Process Safety Valves to ASME and International Codes and Standards (Butterworth-Heinemann IChemE) 2009 book

The Safety Relief Valve Handbook: Design and Use of Process Safety Valves to ASME and International Codes and Standards (Butterworth-Heinemann IChemE)

Details Of The Book

The Safety Relief Valve Handbook: Design and Use of Process Safety Valves to ASME and International Codes and Standards (Butterworth-Heinemann IChemE)

Category: chemistry
edition: 1 
Authors:   
serie:  
ISBN : 1856177122, 9781856177122 
publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann 
publish year: 2009 
pages: 330 
language: English 
ebook format : PDF (It will be converted to PDF, EPUB OR AZW3 if requested by the user) 
file size: 9 MB 

price : $16.8 20 With 16% OFF



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You can Download The Safety Relief Valve Handbook: Design and Use of Process Safety Valves to ASME and International Codes and Standards (Butterworth-Heinemann IChemE) Book After Make Payment, According to the customer's request, this book can be converted into PDF, EPUB, AZW3 and DJVU formats.


Abstract Of The Book



Table Of Contents

Front Matter......Page 1
Appendix Section: Relevant Tables and References......Page 0
Preface......Page 3
Acknowledgements......Page 6
Table of Contents......Page 7
1. History......Page 13
1.1 Acronyms, Abbreviations......Page 17
2.2 Where Do SRVs Fit in the Process?......Page 18
2.3 Where Do SRVs Act within the Process?......Page 19
2.4.1 Blocked Discharge......Page 20
2.4.2 Fire Case......Page 21
2.4.2.1 Sizing for Vaporizing Liquids (Wetted Vessels)......Page 22
2.4.2.2 Sizing for Vessels Containing Gases and Vapours Only (Unwetted Vessels)......Page 27
2.4.3 Thermal Expansion......Page 29
2.4.5 Tube Rupture in Heat Exchangers......Page 30
2.5 Determine Overpressure Protection Requirements......Page 31
2.6 Overpressure Relief Devices......Page 33
2.7 Risk Assessment and Reduction......Page 36
3.1 Testing......Page 39
3.2.1 Reclosing Pressure-Relieving Devices......Page 41
3.2.2 Non-Reclosing Pressure Relief Device......Page 42
3.3 Dimensional Terms......Page 43
3.4 Operational Terms......Page 45
3.5 Component Terms......Page 51
3.6 Clarification of the Terms: Set Pressure, Overpressure, Accumulation, MAWP and Design Pressure......Page 54
3.6.1 PED versus ASME......Page 58
3.6.1.3 Multiple Valves......Page 59
3.6.1.4 PED on Accumulation......Page 60
3.6.1.5 All Cases Except Fire......Page 61
3.6.1.9 Conclusion......Page 63
4. Codes and Standards......Page 65
4.2 ASME and API Codes and Standards - Clarifications......Page 68
4.2.1 National Board Approval......Page 69
4.2.2 Main Paragraph Excerpts from ASME VIII......Page 70
4.2.3 Main Excerpts from American Petroleum Institute Recommended Practices Related to Safety Relief Valves......Page 76
4.2.3.1 Gas......Page 78
4.2.3.3 Water......Page 79
4.3 NACE......Page 80
4.4 PED 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive) - CEN......Page 83
4.5.1 European ATEX Guidelines......Page 87
5. Design Fundamentals......Page 90
5.2.1 Introduction......Page 91
5.2.2 Functionality......Page 92
5.2.3 General Design......Page 97
5.2.4.1 Cap Design and Styles......Page 101
5.2.4.2 Bonnet Parts......Page 104
5.2.4.3 Non-Wetted Parts in the Body......Page 105
5.2.4.4 Bellows......Page 106
5.2.4.5 Wetted Parts......Page 107
5.2.5.2 Nozzle/Body Design......Page 108
5.2.5.3 Disc Holder Designs......Page 110
5.2.6.1 Thermal Relief Valves......Page 111
5.2.6.2 Conventional Spring-Operated SRV......Page 112
5.2.6.4 Balanced Bellows Spring-Operated SRV......Page 113
5.2.6.5 High-Performance Resilient-Seated SV......Page 114
5.2.6.7 Designs Out of Forged Blocks - Block Design......Page 119
5.2.6.8 Controlled Safety Pressure Relief System......Page 120
5.3.1 Introduction......Page 122
5.3.2 Functionality......Page 123
5.3.3 Types of POSRV......Page 124
5.3.3.2 Snap (Pop) Action High-Pressure POSRVs......Page 125
5.3.3.3 Modulating Action High-Pressure POSRVs......Page 127
5.3.3.4 Special Features of POSRVs......Page 128
5.3.4 Summary......Page 134
5.4 DIN Design......Page 135
5.5 Non-Reclosing Pressure Relief Devices......Page 136
5.5.1 Summary......Page 140
6.1 Inlet and Outlet Piping......Page 141
6.1.1 Calculating Piping Losses......Page 151
6.1.1.1 Inlet Losses due to Entrance Effects......Page 153
6.1.1.2 Inlet Losses due to Piping......Page 154
6.1.1.3 Pressure Drop Effect due to Upstream Devices......Page 155
6.1.2 Calculating Outlet Piping......Page 156
6.3 Reaction Forces and Bracing......Page 159
6.5 Installation Guidelines......Page 163
7.1 Introduction......Page 170
7.2 Gas and Vapour Sizing......Page 174
7.3 Steam Sizing (Sonic Flow)......Page 177
7.4 Steam Sizing - per ASME Section I......Page 179
7.5 Liquid Sizing......Page 181
7.6 Two-Phase and Flashing Flow......Page 182
7.6.1 Some Basics......Page 184
7.6.2 Two-Phase Liquid/Vapour Flow......Page 186
7.6.2.2 Omega 9......Page 187
7.6.3 Two-Phase System with Flashing or Non-Condensable Gas......Page 188
7.6.3.1 Determine Omega......Page 189
7.6.4 Subcooled Liquid Flashing......Page 190
7.6.4.2 Determining the Subcooling Region......Page 191
7.6.5.2 Determining the Critical Conditions......Page 193
7.6.5.3 Determining the Mass Flux......Page 194
7.6.5.4 Determination of the Required Areas of the SRV......Page 196
7.6.5.5 Determination of Omega 9......Page 198
8. Noise......Page 202
8.1 Risk of Damage to Hearing......Page 207
8.3 Noise from the SRV, Open Vent and Associated Pipe......Page 212
8.4 Noise Calculations......Page 213
8.5 Conclusions......Page 216
9.1 Seat Tightness......Page 219
9.3 Service Temperature......Page 220
9.5 Backpressure......Page 221
9.7 Two-Phase Flow......Page 224
9.9 Reciprocating Compressors......Page 225
9.10 Liquid......Page 226
9.11 Materials......Page 227
10.1.1 Introduction......Page 229
10.1.2 Maintenance Cost......Page 230
10.1.3.1 Rationale......Page 232
10.1.3.3 Inspection Grade Awards Guidelines......Page 233
10.1.3.4 Inspection Requirements and Reporting......Page 235
10.2 Transportation and Dirt......Page 236
10.2.1 Preinstallation Handling and Testing of Pressure Relief Valves......Page 237
10.3 Troubleshooting SRVs......Page 238
10.3.1 Seat Leakage......Page 239
10.3.2 Chatter......Page 241
10.3.3 Premature Opening......Page 243
10.3.7 Bellows Failure......Page 244
10.3.7.1 Mechanical Failure......Page 245
10.3.7.3 Corrosion Failure......Page 246
10.3.8 Springs......Page 247
10.4 Testing......Page 248
10.4.1 In situ Testing of Spring-Operated SRVs......Page 250
10.4.2 In situ Testing of Pilot-Operated SVs......Page 252
10.5 Maintenance Procedure......Page 253
11. Cryogenic Applications......Page 261
11.2 Process......Page 263
11.2.2 Balanced Bellows Spring-Loaded SRVs on Cryogenic Service......Page 264
11.2.3.1 Considerations for POSRVs on LNG and Cryogenic Applications......Page 266
11.3.1 The 'Submerged Test'......Page 268
11.3.2 The 'Boil-off Test'......Page 269
11.4 Conclusion......Page 270
12.1 Summary of Overall Requirements......Page 271
12.2 Materials......Page 272
12.3 Design......Page 273
12.4 Identification......Page 274
12.6 Preparation for Shipment......Page 275
13. Non-Conformance of Existing Pressure Relief Systems......Page 277
13.1.1 External Fire (33%)......Page 281
13.1.5 Tube Rupture (7%)......Page 282
13.2.1 External Fire (38%)......Page 283
13.2.6 Others (9%)......Page 284
13.3.1 Outlet Pressure Drop Too High (43%)......Page 285
13.3.2 Inlet Pressure Drop Too High (36%)......Page 286
13.3.5 Others (4%)......Page 287
13.4 What Can Go Wrong in the Process Scenarios......Page 288
A.1 Gas Flows......Page 292
A.3 Subcritical Flows......Page 294
A.4 Liquid Flows......Page 295
B. Backpressure Correction Factors......Page 296
C. Compressibility Factors......Page 298
D. Ratio of Specific Heats k and Coefficient C......Page 299
E. Capacity Correction Factor for Superheat, K_sh......Page 300
F. Capacity Correction Factor for High Pressure Steam, K_n......Page 301
G. Capacity Correction Factor for Viscosity, K_v......Page 302
H. Allowable Operating, Working, Relief, Set and Blowdown Pressures......Page 304
I. Codes and Standards Organizations......Page 305
J. API 526 Data Sheet Recommendation......Page 307
K. Generic Sizing Program......Page 309
L. Worldwide Codes and Standards (Most Common)......Page 310
M. Properties of Common Gases......Page 311
N. Relevant Conversion Factors......Page 313
77122_fr......Page 317
B......Page 319
C......Page 320
D......Page 321
G......Page 322
L......Page 323
N......Page 324
O......Page 325
P......Page 326
R......Page 327
S......Page 328
T......Page 329
W......Page 330


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